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Old 10-18-2017, 09:49 AM #1
Storm Shadow
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North American first: Researchers publish scientific study on cannabis production

https://phys.org/news/2017-10-north-...-cannabis.html

University of Guelph researchers have published what is believed to be the first scientific paper in North America on improving medicinal cannabis plant production, helping move the industry into the realm of high-tech laboratories and evidence-based practices.
"Growing marijuana has been illegal for so many years that there has been hardly any scientific research up until this point on how to produce this crop," said Prof. Youbin Zheng."There has been no science guiding this industry."Zheng, along with Prof. Mike Dixon and PhD student Deron Caplan, investigated optimal fertilizer rates and soilless growing substrates required to grow cannabis plants that have higher amounts of medicinal components and greater yield. The study, which was funded in part by Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, was recently published in the journal HortScience. It is the first of a series of U of G studies investigating ideal horticultural practices for indoor cannabis production."The University of Guelph is one of the top universities in the world for horticulture research, particularly for controlled environment plant production," said Zheng, who holds the environmental horticulture chair in the School of Environmental Sciences."We have the cutting-edge technology and the expertise to lead this area of research, and are well-positioned to train horticulturalists for the rapidly growing cannabis industry."

The University has been conducting medicinal cannabis production research for scientific purposes for several years, Zheng said. Proposed legislative changes have resulted in more licensed growers seeking expertise."This has enabled us to have a more intense focus on this type of research."

The newly-published study focussed on plant performance during the vegetative stage. The researchers determined the optimal amount of fertilizer and developed two soilless growing substrate recipes to produce high-yielding plants rich in cannabidiol and THC - the two primary medicinal components. A second paper, soon to appear in HortScience, examines ideal fertilizer rates and growth substrate conditions for the plants at the flowering stage.

The team of researchers are now studying lighting and irrigation to grow high-yielding, quality cannabis. "Controlling the light spectrum, for example, provides the opportunity to standardize the concentration of cannabidiol, a chemical component in medical marijuana that appears to cause no intoxicating effects," said Dixon, director of the Controlled Environment Systems Research Facility. "We have this unique expertise and now we can apply it to an area that has yet to be scientifically explored."


Journal reference: HortScience

Provided by: University of Guelph


Optimal Rate of Organic Fertilizer during the Vegetative-stage for Cannabis Grown in Two Coir-based Substrates

Cannabis producers, especially those with organic operations, lack reliable information on the fertilization requirements for their crops. To determine the optimal organic fertilizer rate for vegetative-stage cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.), five rates that supplied 117, 234, 351, 468, and 585 mg N/L of a liquid organic fertilizer (4.0N–1.3P–1.7K) were applied to container-grown plants with one of two coir-based organic substrates. The trial was conducted in a walk-in growth chamber and the two substrates used were ABcann UNIMIX 1-HP with lower water-holding capacity (WHC) and ABcann UNIMIX 1 with higher WHC. No differences in growth or floral dry weight (yield) were found between the two substrates. Pooled data from both substrates showed that the highest yield was achieved at a rate that supplied 389 mg N/L (interpolated from yield-fertilizer responses) which was 1.8 times higher than that of the lowest fertilizer rate. The concentration of ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in dry floral material was maximized at a rate that supplied 418 mg N/L, and no fertilizer rate effects were observed on Δ9-tetrahydrocannabidiolic acid (THCA) or cannabinol (CBN). The highest yield, cannabinoid content, and plant growth were achieved around an organic fertilizer rate that supplied 389 mg N/L during the vegetative growth stage when using the two coir-based organic substrates.
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Old 10-18-2017, 10:08 AM #2
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The second link you posted says this when clicked on:

Your connection is not private

Attackers might be trying to steal your information from hortsci.ashspublications.org (for example, passwords, messages, or credit cards). NET::ERR_CERT_COMMON_NAME_INVA LID


If instead you put the title name in sci-hub.cc you can get this or almost any science paper.


FYI there have been many previous scientific studies on Cannabis, I have posted dozens in the last decade.
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Last edited by Sam_Skunkman; 10-18-2017 at 10:25 AM..
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Old 10-18-2017, 11:23 AM #3
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HortScience website isnt secure for whatever reason...

This information isnt anywhere else on the web.... if you can get the whole paper.. post it

first scientific paper in North America on improving medicinal cannabis plant production
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Old 10-18-2017, 11:42 AM #4
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I did tell you how to find it, did you try? I have had the paper already, just trying to help others interested.
You can post it if you want to.
-SamS




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Originally Posted by Storm Shadow View Post
HortScience website isnt secure for whatever reason...

This information isnt anywhere else on the web.... if you can get the whole paper.. post it

first scientific paper in North America on improving medicinal cannabis plant production
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Old 10-18-2017, 03:44 PM #5
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https://sci-hub.cc/10.21273/hortsci11903-17
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Old 10-18-2017, 04:28 PM #6
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doi: 10.21273/HORTSCI11903-17

Quote:
Abstract. Cannabis producers, especially those with organic operations, lack reliable
information on the fertilization requirements for their crops. To determine the optimal
organic fertilizer rate for vegetative-stage cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.), five rates that
supplied 117, 234, 351, 468, and 585 mg N/L of a liquid organic fertilizer (4.0N–1.3P–
1.7K) were applied to container-grown plants with one of two coir-based organic
substrates. The trial was conducted in a walk-in growth chamber and the two substrates
used were ABcann UNIMIX 1-HP with lower water-holding capacity (WHC) and
ABcann UNIMIX 1 with higher WHC. No differences in growth or floral dry weight
(yield) were found between the two substrates. Pooled data from both substrates showed
that the highest yield was achieved at a rate that supplied 389 mg N/L (interpolated from
yield-fertilizer responses) which was 1.8 times higher than that of the lowest fertilizer
rate. The concentration of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in dry floral material was
maximized at a rate that supplied 418 mg N/L, and no fertilizer rate effects were observed
on D9-tetrahydrocannabidiolic acid (THCA) or cannabinol (CBN). The highest yield,
cannabinoid content, and plant growth were achieved around an organic fertilizer rate
that supplied 389 mg N/L during the vegetative growth stage when using the two coirbased organic substrates.
Quote:
Conclusions
Our results demonstrated that to produce
high-yielding, cannabinoid-rich plants, the
optimal fertilizer rate was that supplying
about 389 mg N/L, for Nutri Plus Organic
Grow liquid organic fertilizer (4.0N–1.3P–
1.7K) in the vegetative growth stage of
cannabis using coir-based organic substrates.
These recommendations should be acceptable
for similar organic fertilizer and substrates;
however, different cannabis varieties
may have different fertilization requirements.
To provide variety-specific fertilization
requirements, further study may be needed.
Both organic substrates ABcann UNIMIX
1-HP and ABcann UNIMIX 1 maintained
suitable pH (between 6.2 and 7.1 in the
vegetative stage and between 6.7 and 7.2 in
the flowering stage) and were effective for
vegetative-stage cannabis growth; however,
U1-HP may require more frequent fertigation
than U1. Growing substrate EC of up to 3.0
mS·cm–1 was tolerated without yield reductions.
Furthermore, larger plants (e.g., higher
growth index, branching and leaf number)
generally had higher yield and floral THC
concentrations which may indicate that
plants should be grown as large as possible
during the vegetative stage.
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Old 10-26-2017, 04:46 PM #7
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389 mg of N per liter is equals what?

1. Calculate grams of N per gallon (convert liters to gallon, 1 gallon = 3.785 liters).

389 mg X 3.785 = 1472.365 mg or 1.47 grams of N per gallon

2. Calculate grams of organic fertilizer if NPK is 5-0-0 (5% = 0.05).

1.47 ÷ 0.05 = 29.4 grams

3. Amount of fertilizer if NPK is 12-0-0 (blood meal, feather meal, etc)

1.47 ÷ 0.12 = 12.25 grams
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Old 10-26-2017, 05:20 PM #8
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unless you're talking about the UK and imperial gallons which are closer to 4.5 liters.
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Old 10-26-2017, 08:04 PM #9
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LOL, yep...but then again if you're talking about UK--I think they speak "liters" a lot more than us Yanks.

Most everything....from milk to gasoline, is still priced by the "gallon" here in the States (a land far away where the art of "imperialism" is rarely seen).
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Old 10-26-2017, 11:13 PM #10
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Strange, they hadn't any manganese neither in the fertiliser nor the substrate...
Besides that, giving recommendations regarding N though ALL nutrients changed proportionally with it... good science does look a bit different than that IMHO.
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