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Old 11-28-2016, 07:55 AM #41
Abja Roots
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This is all very interesting. Thanks for sharing!
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Old 12-15-2016, 03:56 AM #42
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Did the DEA really just make cbd a schedule 1 drug? How's that going to affect your hemp farm? They are claiming cbd oil cannot legally cross state lines any longer.
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Old 12-15-2016, 04:19 AM #43
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Did the DEA really just make cbd a schedule 1 drug? How's that going to affect your hemp farm? They are claiming cbd oil cannot legally cross state lines any longer.
Source?
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Old 12-15-2016, 04:22 AM #44
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Google the keywords "DEA Makes CBD Extracts Schedule I". There are all kinds of sources.
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Old 12-15-2016, 04:41 AM #45
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https://www.federalregister.gov/docu...ihuana-extract

The only cannabinoid listed in the CSA is STILL tetrahydrocannabinol and its isomers, which doesn't include the other 80 non-THC compounds. The DEA is attempting to make any extractions from plants in the cannabis genus qualify as schedule 1...under the auspices of creating a new category that licensed DEA facilities can handle other forms of cannabis.

If it is enacted in 30 days as they are requesting, it means national CBD oil shippers will be breaking federal law. You can still ship compliant industrial hemp flowers to states...and if those states have existing cannabis laws, the material can be extracted and fed into those systems. I know for a fact this decision will be strongly challenged on several grounds and I don't see it being enacted unless there is a long, protracted legal battle--and even then, the DEA doesn't have much to stand on in this situation.

We'll keep shipping our flowers nationally (and internationally) where extractors can use them in compliance with their state or (in international circumstances) national laws.

Pretty frickin' lame though.
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Old 12-15-2016, 05:06 AM #46
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That's good you can still ship flowers if that goes through. That does seem lame the feds are trying for that though.
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Old 12-15-2016, 05:44 AM #47
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Good legal rejoinder here, definitely worth reading.

https://hoban.law/sites/default/file...5BFINAL%5D.pdf
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Old 12-29-2016, 09:05 PM #48
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Any progress on fighting that battle?

Also I'm curious about what % THC can a bud be and still be considered type III hemp? From what I understand the .3% THC includes the entire weight of the plant, not just the bud. So you have a bud that tests at 5% (or whatever) THC, if you throw all the leaves and stalks in there and take a sample that relative THC% goes way down. I hope that makes sense.

From your white paper I gather you'll throw all the leaves, stems, and buds together then take random samples and THC has to be less than .3% by weight. But couldn't you get that number even lower by including the stalks if you had to?
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Old 12-29-2016, 10:53 PM #49
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Any progress on fighting that battle?

Also I'm curious about what % THC can a bud be and still be considered type III hemp? From what I understand the .3% THC includes the entire weight of the plant, not just the bud. So you have a bud that tests at 5% (or whatever) THC, if you throw all the leaves and stalks in there and take a sample that relative THC% goes way down. I hope that makes sense.

From your white paper I gather you'll throw all the leaves, stems, and buds together then take random samples and THC has to be less than .3% by weight. But couldn't you get that number even lower by including the stalks if you had to?
Hi Kelly, no battle to fight really--a lot of folks in the cannabis community freaked out over nothing (myself included in the initial hours after it was announced, as seen above!). Not the first time, won't be the last. The HIA v. DEA (2003) decision, in conjunction with the 2014 Farm Bill, precludes the DEA from listing any non-THC cannabinoid in the CSA without a full scheduling process--which they did not do. I would encourage anyone who doubts this to give the DEA's public relations department a call and just ask, they'll tell you the same thing.

Type III cannabis isn't (scientifically) defined by a THC percentage, rather it describes underlying genotypes. Type I plants have THC synthases turned "on" and CBD synthases "off"; type II has both turned on; type III has THC turned off and CBD on. That said, it's not actually a binary on/off switch; nonfunctional alleles are still capable of converting CBG, just in trace amounts. I think I note this in my white paper, but active CBD synthases are more efficient at converting CBG to CBD than their active THC counterparts; this is why type II plants tend to have significantly larger amounts of CBD than THC in the overall cannabinoid fraction (generally 2:1, but we've also seen up to 6:1 in special circumstances). The general working hypothesis now is that the opposite is true for non-functional synthases; in other words, nonfunctional THC synthases are more efficient than nonfunctional CBD synthases at converting CBG to their respective final products. This explains why high THC plant varieties (type I) have much higher ratios of THC to CBD than their high CBD (type III) counterparts. This is visible in the F2 generation of a cross between a high THC parent and high CBD parent; the 18.8% of progeny that are THC dominant have ratios that range from 1:30 up to 1:400 CBD to THC, while the 18.8% of high CBD plants are much lower (10:1 to 40:1 generally), though the upper bound for each is directly related to the respective parent's ratios.

THC concentration limits are set at 0.3% by the 2014 Farm Bill, but the sampling protocol is the main arbiter of which varieties actually meet the requirement. In Oregon, our Ag department does a good job of taking "representative samples" which include some leaf and stalk; stalks comprise between 27%-28% of the final plant mass. California, which is about to start working on their rules, will be required by law to test the flowering tops in the field before harvest, as well as flowering tops after harvest to ensure compliance (a much higher bar to hit than Oregon for sure). Some farmers in Oregon do as you suggested and simply mulch the entire plant to ensure that they remain below 0.3%. What we have found is that customers (particularly large extractors) really don't like having stems in the final material though, so we do not mulch whole plants. It is, as you stated, a way to lower your overall THC concentration, but would definitely not affect it enough to make a 5% THC plant compliant.

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Old 12-29-2016, 10:54 PM #50
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Very interesting project you have, I enjoyed reading the thread and your white paper. Itís encouraging to see progress being made in the Hemp industry after it being decimated by political and business entities.

I have a question socioecologist if you donít mind. How are you producing 15 mil of feminized seed? I know you said they were contaminated (shame) but Iím curious of the process. If itís proprietary and canít be disclosed, I understand.
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