Foilar Spray Secondary Components
What I call secondary components consist of meals and other plants that provide compounds and elements that will again deter and or control insects and diseases.
Lavender works to repel mites and acts as a mild fungicide. It is best to use fresh flowers from the plant. It would be advantageous to grow this and other medicinal plants in your garden to be able to have access when needed.
Research shows thymol to be one of the key players in thyme's anti fungal abilities. Another active compound found in thyme carvacrol has shown strong abilities to kill insects and eggs at higher doses.
Yet another plant that exhibits insecticide and anti fungal properties. Are we surprised yet?
Even alfalfa is known to contain anti fungal compounds. Does this list ever stop!!! Unfortunately I do not have this particular plant in my garden so i use alfalfa meal. The meal is bubbled with water for a day or two then strained and diluted.
I encourage you to find and use other plants but make sure you research what properties that plant brings to the table and if there are any drawbacks. Dilution rates matter. For example some plants can be used as a herbicide if not diluted correctly.
Foilar Spray Prep
Prepping The Base
Neem Oil 1 tsp to 4 tsp
Silicon 1 tsp to 2 tsp
Aloe Vera 1/4 cup to 1/2 cup
1 gallon water tepid (70f)
Mix the neem oil and silicon in a shot glass or small cup. You want the silicon to emulsify with the neem and the texture should change to a more watery substance.
Add the your neem/silicon mixture and aloe to the 1 gallon of tepid water. You have made the base.
The base all by itself could be sprayed as a foilar and would offer great proactive protection.
Prepping The Secondaries
When possible I recommend using the fresh plant versus products that contains the plants. I have had nothing but stellar responses using fresh plant material. If you can't source fresh material then try finding plants that have the same properties. I would resort to the bottle/box as a last ditch effort.
When using fresh material the preparation usually consists of:
1. Chopping up plant material
2. Place material in 1 gallon water
3. Let soak for no more than 2 day (Do not let material ferment!!)
4. Add 1/2 cup to 1 cup of the strained liquid to your 1 gallon base.
5. Shake the mix as much as you can
You can also take the plant material and your completed 1 gallon base, add to a blender, puree, strain and spray. This too work wonders!