This may be changing the conversation a bit. I have been using the same pots outdoors for two to three years (depending on the pot) and I'm just starting the fourth grow. I have been using a type of no till in pots of cannabis and tomato. Pots range from five to twenty gallons. I have been using some of the concepts from the Reverend's TLO book.
Two months prior to using the pots I use his spike process. I mix dry amendments and pour some down in little holes I make in the soil and around the outer edge. In the big pots I make a large crevice using a shovel. I add some manure to the bottom and pour dry amendments in. I top that with EWC, compost, etc.
This may not be a true no till but I don't think I'm devastating the microbiology. Certainly in small areas they are affected but the soil still seems full of life. I also top dress and use teas through the growing season.
Last year I had two big plants in no till. One was a Hawaiian hybrid (Spice) that had no significant problems and seemed to thrive in the soil. The second plant showed nitrogen deficiency but that may have been the strain as well. It was a big Garwhali plant that would have been giant if it was planted directly in the ground.
I'm just adding amendments now for one more go in the same soil.
Dr. Shiva Garhwali