Yes. It's called re-vegging. If you are good at what you do, you can literally take a trimmed bud, root it, keep it under 24 hour light, and it'll eventually grow new stems. 100%
That is the extreme option, but, you can trim, leave on a few lower flowers, cut root mass, replant, watch water levels and keep under 24hr light, and yes, those buds you left on will eventually begin to shoot stems and re-grow.
However, this takes anywhere from 6-8wks. You also, have to plan for this if you want to really have a successful plant to regrow each time. That means, leaving a few lowers on the plant rather than stripping it bare for air flow.
Cloning - isn't about production - it's more about preservation and supply of what you discover you LOVE. You clone a plant because you love how it smokes and you want to smoke it over and over and over - to preserve it. With clones, you can fill a room of that special flower, not just run a single plant of it, re-vegged over and over, and then what, vegged for 3-4 months so you can have a decent supply of it rather than run out and have to switch it up to something less dank????
Bonsai moms are not hard and can be sort of fun. It depends on how much you like interacting with your plants. Careful pruning - and even grafting into the meristem - can be fun little challenges to tackle to maximize the utility of such practices. Root pruning isn't anything overly special either, and technically, unless you are growing in an organic soil, is far less of a concern, as you can just up the ppm of your feeds to adjust to the size of the plant, even if it's growth behavior will change a bit because of being root bound.
Either way, I think a small cloning set up is your best and most practical option.
Look into a bubble or aero cloner. Many people get used to those and learn to just toss in a low dose of veg nutrients to keep rooted clones lingering around a bit longer in a what become a mini hydro veg machine instead of a cloner. This can be done to prevent keeping moms around as well. Before flower, you just trim the top or a branch, stick it back in the cloner and wait...strain preserved....no mother plant required.
Just be more creative. Stoner ingenuity.