... so being this my working field, and reading some very wrong things in this thread (as when it comes to computer security often) , I would like to say some things:
-PROXYS: put this in your mind. Using proxies is USELESS, as you can be very easily traced back, all pages now have Jscript, Adwords, etc.... so you can embed a call to the browser and get the real IP.... If you, anyway, use them, use trusted ones, these lists of proxys have a lot of honeypotting... Too, there are different kind of proxies, only trust SOCKS proxies ---> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SOCKS
-TOR- Tor is safer, but slow. Some attacks have been done and they work, but as Tor infraestructure passes throuh 3 different computers, you should compromise at least 2 of them.... ALWAYS check wich nodes you are using .... REALLY.... On top of this, you should use something like Privoxym that cleans your data.
For a quickstart you can use Vidalia ---> https://www.torproject.org/vidalia/
So if you need REAL security, use:
For encrypting data, photo, etc: GNUPG --> https://www.gnupg.org/
For surfing: VPNs are the way to go. They can know maybe where are you connecting to, but not the content , as is encrypted. Use a free one, ćuz has no sense to be anonymous and pay with a CCard.... like Alonweb or something similar, check some here:
For cleaning your hard drive of inconveniences: use a wiper that is able to rewrite your hd with random data; about 30 cycles.... you then are SAFE. Like https://www.killdisk.com/
or wipe for linux.
E-mail: don't trust this "safe email " services; they all lie. Use GNUPG , link on top. Use a public key and exchange wit your friends. I use a triple AES-Blowfish-Rijndael algorityhm together,don't get scared, you can set this up easily in the options, depending on you OS
Chatting: You can use Pidgin , a multi-platform messesnger that suppots ICQ, MSN, etc etc... and proxies and encryption. Set a SOCKS PROXY in the configuration of the utility and use a plugin called PIDGIN-OTR. OTR is great, and encrypts all your data (RSA 256, fu** NSA
AND CLEAN YOUR COOKIES and LOGOUT FROM potencially compromising SITES !!!!!!!
And yes, you need a nice AV and a firewall. Comodo is a nice firewall. AVG is a nice free AVirus.
And VERY IMPORTANT: We all know OS like windows are not very safe, and backdoored..... There are some nice Live CDs that let you run your system from a CD , nothing get written in your harddrive..... some of them, as Incognito (now called amnesia, I love it), set ALL TRAFFIC TROUGH TOR, too, cuts JScript, etc.... being one of the easyest and safest bet around. Just download the file and burn it as an ISO image, and just reboot.....safest and easyest, each time you connect to a bad reputation or very dangerous site for stoners or terrorists
, just put the cd in and reboot... wait... surf.. and reboot again... everything as before
But really, change to Linux (FreeBSD is asking too much, I know) as soon as you can, if security is a big concert for you and you use Windows... you are SOLD. At least, go Mac. But Ubuntu is really easy and (quite) safe if configured properly. Really. Windows is a trap.
All our traffic is being monitored and logged, so if they have some suspices about you, they will have a look to what you made in the Inet for the last 2 years or so..... They cannot use this in court, sure, but is a very handy tool... to get you in the right moment or check your real ID..
If you have any doubt or questions, or see something here incorrect, please let me know.
I wll be glad to share my limited knowledge.
Last time I wrote something like this, I got in troubles. Let's see this time.
Excuse my forgotten English.