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Old 09-16-2017, 01:50 PM #11
acespicoli
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Great suggestion, im going to have to try this product as I was not aware of it. I used azomite previously and was happy with the results. Im excited to check this out I wanted to finda source for iron besides hematite

Restore soil fertility and increase yields with 100% Volcanic Basalt Rock Dust. Chock-full of minerals and nutrients, this natural soil booster is used to enhance the supply of trace elements and helps support the biological processes required for sustainable and optimal plant growth.

Benefits:
• High in calcium, iron, magnesium and manganese
• Increases the cation exchange capacity of soils
• Higher brix levels and greater concentrations of essential oils
• May be used on crops, home gardens, landscapes and turf
• Improve drought resistance and salt tolerance of plants

Available size: 50 lb Bag
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Old 09-23-2017, 05:37 PM #12
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This is the latest addition EWC or red wiggler guano,
Ordered 1,000 red wigglers and made some diy worm bins from Tupperware

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Old 10-14-2017, 07:30 PM #13
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Latest visitors to my composted soil mix... There are 1000s of them (solved my crustacean meal and chitin need thnx mother nature)
There are some videos online for culturing your own very easy!

Woodlouse
A woodlouse (plural woodlice) is a terrestrial isopod crustacean (crustecean meal or insect frass?)with a rigid, segmented, long exoskeleton and fourteen jointed limbs. Woodlice mostly feed on dead plant material, and they are usually active at night.

Woodlice in the genus Armadillidium and in the family Armadillidae can roll up into an almost perfect sphere as a defensive mechanism, hence some of the common names such as pill bug, or roly-poly. Most woodlice, however, cannot do this.



~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~
Chitin
It is a primary component of cell walls in fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods, such as crustaceans (e.g., crabs, lobsters and shrimps) and insects, the radulae of molluscs, cephalopod beaks, and the scales of fish and lissamphibians.[1] The structure of chitin is comparable to another polysaccharide - cellulose, forming crystalline nanofibrils or whiskers. In terms of function, it may be compared to the protein keratin. Chitin has proved useful for several medicinal, industrial and biotechnological purposes.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~
Agriculture
Chitin is a good inducer of plant defense mechanisms for controlling diseases. It has also been assessed as a fertilizer that can improve overall crop yields.

Giant Isopod (interesting deep sea creature)


Culturing Isopods - cheat sheet
Postby Philsuma » Thu Mar 03, 2011 8:06 pm

Keeping / Culturing Various type of Isopods

Isopods, also known as Rolly-pollies, Sowbugs, Woodlice, Pill bugs. Available in various colours and morphs; dwarf white, giant Spanish orange, tan, striped and even purple. They are considered "Viv-friendly" and do not ravage Viv plants or bother the frogs. All frogs relish the larvae and most other sizes - they are considered good feeders and usually high in Calcium.

The first thing you want to do upon getting your newly acquired culture home is to “Split it”. Try to replicate the type of soil or substrate that came with the original one. Then transfer up to ½ of the original culture into the new one, thus effectively making a second culture.

Never "use-up" 100% of your culture all at one time. If you must seed a vivarium with it, then again, only use up to ½ of the culture. Always try to keep “splitting” your cultures in this hobby, that way, you will be assured of having an extra should you need it, or even if one goes bad or fails. You can also make your own cultures of feeders to supply other hobbyists with or even recoup your own initial investment.

Isopods do well on “dirt” type soil. Use any combination of garden soil, loam so long as it does not contain any chemicals, fertilizers / manure or Styrofoam / perlite ect. I mix up a huge batch that includes organic soil, some small amounts of sphagnum, a small amount of medium size charcoal bits and some small pebbles ect.
When mixed with clean water, the soil should be moist and damp but never sopping wet.

I also lay 2 small 1.5 inch square pieces of clean, plain, non-colored corrugated cardboard laid directly on the surface of the soil and these can also be damp but not soaking.

The cardboard is very important for two reasons:
1.The Isopods will congregate on the board, allowing for easy removal of adults or shaking out of the larvae.
2.The cardboard will allow for a quick and easy visual check of the overall level of moisture in the culture. If the cardboard is too dry or too wet, you will be able to see it very easily.

Food for the Isopods is easy to provide as well. I use any good quality flake fish food or pellets and you can use small potato slices as well.Small pieces of fruit- mango or melon buried under the surface of the substrate works well with the tropical species. Just remember to feed small amounts of the fish food so as not to foul the culture with uneaten food.

Isopods can be used in 2 different ways:
1.They can be “seeded” by placing a portion of the culture soil directly into the vivarium substrate and allow a few weeks or months for the seeded portion to reproduce and escape frog predation. These Isopods will take on “janitor” duties, removing frog waste, fungus, rotting plant matter and creating small tunnels for other insect microfauna.

2.The tiny larvae which look very similar to springtails in size and colour can be found on the cardboard squares and shaken out into the viv to directly feed froglets. The larvae that survive frog predation can grow and then take on janitor duties as well.
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Old 10-14-2017, 07:45 PM #14
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Random Notes on almost free soil ammendments
(Due to its high degree of microporosity, just one gram of activated carbon has a surface area in excess of 3,000 m2) or 1/10 a football field!!!

BIOCHAR Mix 1:16 up to 1:1 with compost!




The processes responsible for the formation of terra preta soils are

Incorporation of wood charcoal
Incorporation of organic matter and of nutrients
Role of micro-organisms and animals in the soil

In the case of terra preta, the only possible nutrient sources are primary and secondary. The following components have been found:
Human and animal excrements (rich in P and N);
Kitchen refuse, such as animal bones and tortoise shells (rich in P and Ca);
Ash residue from incomplete combustion (rich in Ca, Mg, K, P and charcoal);
Biomass of terrestrial plants (e.g. compost); and
Biomass of aquatic plants (e.g. algae).

Along with oxygen, the major components of wood ash are calcium (Ca), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), silicon (Si) and phosphorus (P) . Ash is generally very low in nitrogen (N) because it is vaporised during combustion and considerable part of the sulphur (S) may also be lost. Trace elements found in ash include As, Ba, B, Cd, Cu, Cr, Ag, Mo, Hg, Ni, V and Zn, of which B, Cu, Mo and Zn can also be regarded as micronutrient

The largest relative percentage of ash, however, is derived from needles and leaves


Rapid charging

The other way to inoculate your biochar is a bit more labor-intensive, but you can complete the process in hours or days, not months. First, fill a 55 gallon (210 litre) drum with fresh water and biochar. If you are using municipal treated water, let it sit for a couple days to remove any chlorine. Then add compost tea or worm castings and leachate to the barrel with some soil from the area where you will use the finished biochar. For example, if you are going to apply the biochar to your fruit orchard, add some soil from around a robust and healthy tree in that orchard. This will help charge the biochar with the ideal microbiology for your specific orchard.

Once everything is well mixed, insert a long tube such as a length of PVC pipe into the barrel and direct air from a blower into the tube, or use a pond aerator and air stones. Aeration supercharges the inoculant and gives the beneficial microbes a massive head start, and helps them adhere to the biochar. Continue this for 12-24 hours.

Cowboy® 20 lb Hardwood Lump Charcoal - $13.64 (wally world)
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Old 10-14-2017, 10:54 PM #15
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The Rift Valley has diverse soil types with different fertility potential. ... Organic matter is the major source of total sulfur for the soils in the humid parts (Nitisol, Andosol and Vertisol), whereas gypsum is the major source for the soils in the drier parts (Fluvisol and Solonetz).

Andosol, one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Andosols are highly porous, dark-coloured soils developed from parent material of volcanic origin, such as volcanic ash, tuff, and pumice.

Best coffee in the WORLD

1) Tanzania Peaberry Coffee
2) Hawaii Kona Coffee
3) Nicaraguan Coffee
4) Sumatra Mandheling Coffee
5) Sulawesi Toraja Coffee
6) Mocha Java Coffee
7) Ethiopian Harrar Coffee
8) Ethiopian Yirgacheffe Coffee
9) Guatemalan Antigua Coffee
10) Kenya AA Coffee

Mt Kilimanjaro
Volcano
Tanzania

Mt Meru
Volcano
Tanzania

Coral sand mining is a significant industry in some areas, and can have damaging environmental effects. Over 500,000 tons of coral sand are mined annually from Mauritius. Over 250 tons of shells and corals were exported from Tanzania in 1974.



Nine sand samples above represent nine different sand types. Row by row from left to right: 1. Glass sand from Kauai, Hawaii 2. Dune sand from the Gobi Desert, Mongolia 3. Quartz sand with green glauconite from Estonia 4. Volcanic sand with reddish weathered basalt from Maui, Hawaii 5. Biogenic coral sand from Molokai, Hawaii 6. Coral pink sand dunes from Utah 7. Volcanic glass sand from California 8. Garnet sand from Emerald Creek, Idaho 9. Olivine sand from Papakolea, Hawaii.


Coral sand is a collection of sand of particles originating in tropical and sub-tropical marine environments from bioerosion of limestone skeletal material of marine organisms. One example of this process is that of parrot fishes which bite off pieces of coral, digest the living tissue, and excrete the inorganic component as silt and sand. However, the term "coral" in coral sand is used loosely in this sense to mean limestone of recent biological origin; corals are not the dominant contributors of sand particles to most such deposits. Rather, remnant skeletal fragments of foraminifera, calcareous algae, molluscs, and crustaceans can predominate.

Because it is composed of limestone, coral sand is acid-soluble.



Scanning electron microscopy micrographs of calcareous algae
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Old 10-27-2017, 05:22 PM #16
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Got rid of all the brush in the neighborhood ! almost FREE

This is a look at my 55gal drum homemade biochar charged with additional ashes.
If you use the pit method you can keep your cost down to labor
No urea yet! Almost free, drum cost me $20 and a hour drive round trip!
What you see in the background is my leaf and grass compost pile

The ectomycorrhizal fungi Suillus granulatus and Paxillus involutus can release elements from wood ash.






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Old 10-27-2017, 07:02 PM #17
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Quick update on the worm farm!
Enjoying their new home and almost vegan diet, all except egg shells (grit for their gizzards) !
Threw some sand and clay in they really liked the clay!
Mostly veggie smoothies and shredded paper, peat moss bedding to hold moisture.
The paper was clean and wet and about 4 inches deep when I added it they really do make alot of dung!
I try not to disturb them too much


(Two pounds of worms for every pound of kitchen waste produced per day).
To determine the amount of worms required, it is recommended that the organic scraps be collected and weighed for a week or two.
I have 1000 red wigglers approx 1 lb of worms

1000 worms | 1 lb of worms | 1/2 lb of food
**Half of Their Weight (Amount they can eat per day, ideally)

Note: In a healthy bin, the worms will reproduce. More worms mean you need to feed them more.
Also the tall Tupperware is unnecessary the worms only need about 6-8 inches of height with multiple levels being preferable.
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Old 10-28-2017, 12:18 AM #18
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Note: FREE (stopped in for a coffee anyway)
Starbucks started its Grounds for Your Garden program in 1995,
which is offered on a first-come,
first-served basis in participating stores where local codes permit.

Not to keen on the pumpkin pie coffee but its free compost around closing time
They been giving me trash bags full, worms seem to like it
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Old 10-28-2017, 07:17 PM #19
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Bone meal can vary greatly, depending on the source. From a low of 3-15-0 to as high as 2-22
Bone meal is also an excellent source of calcium,
but does not provide enough nitrogen to be beneficial to plants.
Plants can only get phosphorus from bone meal if the soil pH is below 7.0 (acidic soil), according to recent Colorado State University research.

Organic fertilizers usually require the use of a variety of fungi in the soil to make the nutrients in the fertilizer bio-available to the plant.
For plants needing phosphorus, the fungi mycorrhiza penetrate the roots and break down the compounds containing the phosphorus for easier absorption and utilization,
and in turn the plants supply the mycorrhizae with amino acids and sugars.


How to Make Bone Meal Fertilizer -
Start off by collecting bones. Normally, I'll save bones in the freezer until I have a sufficient amount.
The next step is to clean and sterilize the bones for use. Since I like to get the most out of my bones, I'll normally make broth to clean and sterilize the them. To do this, spread the bones on a baking sheet and place under the broiler for 10-15 minutes. Next, let the bones gently simmer with just enough water to cover them, for 5-8 hours. By the end of this time, the bones will easily strip clean of any fat or meat tissue still stuck to them.
Dry the bones. Once stripped clean, I just spread the bones on a plate and place them in a well ventilated area to dry. Normally, I'll wait about a month for the bones to dry completely. This makes it easy to turn into a powder.
Once the bones are brittle and dry, crush them into a fine powder. The best way to achieve this is with some muscle and a mortar and pestle. Work small batches at a time to create an evenly fine powder.
Once ground up, the homemade bone meal for plants is now ready to use.
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Old 10-28-2017, 07:27 PM #20
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*

Let’s not forget that trees mine minerals from deep in the soil and return them to the soil surface when the leaves fall, in autumn. Fortunately, you can use the mineral content of leaves to enrich the soil and get it prepared for the next season. If we are to compare mulched leaves to rock dust from the perspective of an environmentally conscious consumer, you should know that this compound is organic, it contains essential and beneficial elements (without the harmful or toxic ones), it is a renewable resource and its cost is basically zero.

*This graph above in red may explain why I always have a lack of iron for my plants!


Azomite

Utah rock dust
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