i get it...you are
it's not my information you detest, it's my politics.
you cannot refute the science so you resort to attacking my character...i get it. & i could give a shit.
when you get to third grade you may learn what 'ad hominem' means.
every article/video i have posted supports my contention of external forcing of weather and climate, and contradicts CO2 as culprit projected by the Catastrophic Climate Consensus Cult.
what have you got? ...insults and name calling. immature and ineffective. surely entertaining your ego will sustain your potent point of view.
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
, June 2018, Pages 111-118
The zonal-mean and regional tropospheric pressure responses to changes in ionospheric potential
Author links open overlay panelLiminZhouabBrianTinsleybLinWangabGaryBurnsc
aKey Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200062, ChinabUniversity of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, 75080, USAcAustralian Antarctic Division, Australian Government, Kingston, Tasmania, Australia
Received 25 March 2017, Revised 19 June 2017, Accepted 20 July 2017, Available online 21 July 2017.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.010Get rights and content
•Day-to-day polar and sub-polar surface pressures correlate with ionospheric potential and current flowing through clouds.
•Pressures respond to both external (solar wind) and internal (electrified cloud) generators in the global circuit.
•Responses are strongest in local winters and inferred to be due to electrical interactions between nuclei and droplets.
Global reanalysis data reveal daily surface pressure
responses to changes in the global ionospheric
potential in both polar and sub-polar regions. We use 21 years of data to show that the pressure response to externally-induced ionospheric potential changes, that are due to the interplanetary magnetic field
east-west (IMF By
) component, are present in two separate decadal intervals, and follow the opposite ionospheric potential changes in the Arctic and Antarctic for a given By
. We use the 4 years of available data to show that the pressure responses to changes in internally generated ionospheric potential, that are caused by low-latitude thunderstorms
and highly electrified clouds, agree in sign and sensitivity with those externally generated. We have determined that the daily varying pressure responses are stronger in local winter and spring. The pressure responses at polar latitudes are predominantly over the Antarctic and Greenland ice caps
, and those at sub-polar latitudes are of opposite sign, mainly over oceans. A lead-lag analysis confirms that the responses maximize within two days of the ionospheric potential input. Regions of surface pressure fluctuating by about 4 hPa in winter are found with ionospheric potential changes of about 40 kV. The consistent pressure response to the independent external and internal inputs strongly supports the reality of a cloud microphysical mechanism affected by the global electric circuit. A speculative mechanism involves the ionosphere-earth current density Jz
, which produces space charge
at cloud boundaries and electrically charged droplets and aerosol particles
. Ultrafine aerosol particles, under the action of electro-anti
-scavenging, are enabled to grow to condensation nuclei
size, affecting cloud microphysics
and cloud opacity and surface pressure on time scales of hours.
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
, June 2018, Pages 94-110
Tropospheric weather influenced by solar wind through atmospheric vertical coupling downward control
Author links open overlay panelPaulPrikrylabRobertBruntzcTakumiTsukijiharadKokiIwaoeDonald B.MuldrewfVojtoRušingMilanRybanskıhMarošTurňaiPavelŠťastnıi
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2017.07.023Get rights and content
•Atmospheric gravity waves: A link between high-speed solar wind and severe weather.
•Explosive extratropical cyclones tend to occur after arrivals high-speed solar wind streams.
•Role of aurorally-generated gravity waves in the release of instabilities leading to storms.
Occurrence of severe weather
in the context of solar wind
coupling to the magnetosphere-ionosphere-atmosphere (MIA) system is investigated. It is observed that significant snowfall, wind and heavy rain, particularly if caused by low pressure systems
in winter, tend to follow arrivals of high-speed solar wind. Previously published statistical evidence that explosive extratropical cyclones
in the northern hemisphere tend to occur within a few days after arrivals of high-speed solar wind streams from coronal holes (Prikryl et al., 2009, 2016) is corroborated for the southern hemisphere
. Cases of severe weather events are examined in the context of the magnetosphere-ionosphere-atmosphere (MIA) coupling. Physical mechanism to explain these observations is proposed. The leading edge of high-speed solar wind streams is a locus of large-amplitude magneto-hydrodynamic waves that modulate Joule heating
and/or Lorentz forcing of the high-latitude lower thermosphere
generating medium-scale atmospheric gravity waves
that propagate upward and downward through the atmosphere. Simulations of gravity wave propagation in a model atmosphere using the Transfer Function
Model (Mayr et al., 1990) reveal that propagating waves originating in the lower thermosphere can excite a spectrum of gravity waves in the lower atmosphere
. In spite of significantly reduced amplitudes but subject to amplification upon reflection in the upper troposphere
, these gravity waves can provide a lift of unstable air to release instabilities in the troposphere and initiate convection to form cloud/precipitation bands. It is primarily the energy provided by release of latent heat
that leads to intensification of storms. These results indicate that vertical coupling in the atmosphere exerts downward control from solar wind to the lower atmospheric levels influencing tropospheric weather development.